Why is Captain James Cook important?
James Cook was a naval captain, navigator and explorer who, in 1770, charted New Zealand and the Great Barrier Reef of Australia on his ship HMB Endeavour. Cook’s voyages helped guide generations of explorers and provided the first accurate map of the Pacific.
Why was Captain Cook’s first voyage significant?
James Cook’s first Pacific voyage (1768-1771) was aboard the Endeavour and began on 27 May 1768. Cook’s voyage had three aims; to establish an observatory at Tahiti in order to record the transit of Venus (when the planet passed between the earth and the sun), on 3 June 1769.
What did Captain James Cook do in the Navy?
In 1755, Cook enlisted in the Royal Navy, serving in North America where he learnt to survey and chart coastal waters. In 1769, the planet Venus was due to pass in front of the Sun, a rare event visible only in the southern hemisphere. The British government decided to send an expedition to observe the phenomenon.
Where did James Cook do most of his exploration?
Cook was the foremost explorer of his day. He explored both Canada’s east and west coast (courtesy Library and Archives Canada). James Cook, explorer (b near Marton, Eng 27 Oct 1728; d at Kealakekua Bay, Sandwich Is [Hawaii] 14 Feb 1779).
When did Captain James Cook come to Australia?
‘The Founding of Australia 1788’, an oil painting by Algernon Talmage. Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales Captain James Cook arrived in the Pacific 250 years ago, triggering British colonization of the region. We’re asking researchers to reflect on what happened and how it shapes us today.
When did Captain James Cook write his log?
For the first few weeks, Cook’s log, which begins on Friday 27 June 1755, records the routine of the ship as it prepares itself for service. It is probable that Cook copied many of the details from another log, possibly the master’s.